Cerebral palsy is not a disease but a permanent life-long condition.
People with Cerebral Palsy experience dysfunction/disorder of movements of limbs (whole or a part), their body and posture. Their normal motor developmental milestones become delayed and activities of daily living (ADLs) are affected.
Causes:Non- progressive brain injury or abnormal brain development that control muscle movements.
Children with Cerebral Palsy may also suffer from visual, learning, hearing, speech, epilepsy and intellectual impairments.
Although Cerebral palsy can be defined, it does not define a person who has this condition.
Each case of Cerebral palsy is unique to individuals.
Current researches suggest that the major causes of cerebral palsy are malformation of a part of the developing brain or brain injury prior to birth, during labor or delivery. Accidents, medical malpractice, negligence, infection, and injury are some known risk factors that may lead to Cerebral Palsy.
There is no cure for Cerebral Palsy. However, existing impairments can be reduced and managed by a holistic approach including therapies by allied health professionals, surgical/medical interventions and assistive devices. These help foster independence, reduce barriers and increase inclusion.
In comparison to children who have “normal developmental milestone”, children with CP have limited social participation as well as quality of life and self-perception, predominately in physical domains. These problems we believe are even more prevalent in a country like Nepal with limited resources for the disabled and poor educational awareness of disabilities.
The International Convention on the Rights of the child (1989) has emphasized the importance of community participation for children with disabilities such as cerebral palsy.